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Volume 23 (2); June 2024
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Original Articles
Prevalence and preferred medication for vestibular migraine in Menière’s disease: a multicenter retrospective cohort study in Korea
Dong-Han Lee, Hong Ju Park, Kyu-Sung Kim, Hyun Ji Kim, Jae-Yong Byun, Min-Beom Kim, Minbum Kim, Myung-Whan Suh, Jae-Hyun Seo, Jong Dae Lee, Eun-Ju Jeon, Myung Hoon Yoo, Seok Min Hong, Sung-Kwang Hong, Hyo-Jeong Lee, Jung Woo Lee, Se-Joon Oh, Hyun Ah Kim, Hyung Lee, Eek-Sung Lee, Eun-Jin Kwon, Seong-Hae Jeong, Jeong-Yoon Choi, Chang-Hee Kim
Res Vestib Sci. 2024;23(2):37-45.   Published online June 14, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21790/rvs.2024.005
  • 311 View
  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The aim of this study is to categorize headaches associated with definite Menière’s disease (MD) according to diagnostic criteria, to determine their prevalence, and to investigate the preferred medication across participating centers.
Methods
Patients diagnosed with definite MD at 17 university hospitals in otolaryngology or neurology departments in Korea between January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021 were retrospectively included. Data on the presence of accompanying vestibular migraine (VM), migraine or non-migraine headaches, and clinical information were collected. A survey was conducted to assess preferences for treatment drugs for vertigo and headache control in MD patients with headache.
Results
A total of 435 definite MD patients were included, with a mean age of 57.0±14.9 years. Among them, 135 (31.0%) had accompanying headaches, of whom 48 (11.0% of all definite MD patients) could be diagnosed with VM. The prevalence of comorbid VM (definite and probable) was significantly higher in females (41 of 288, 14.2%) than in males (7 of 147, 4.8%) (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of comorbid VM between unilateral and bilateral MD patients (10.8% and 13.6%, respectively) (p > 0.05). Benzodiazepines, antihistamines, and antiemetics were mainly preferred for acute vertigo control, while nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, acetaminophen, and triptans were preferred for acute headache control, and topiramate, propranolol, and calcium channel blockers were mainly preferred for headache prevention.
Conclusions
VM is not uncommon in patients with definite MD in Korea. Further research is needed to understand the differences in headache prevalence and preferred medications across different centers.
Serum otolin-1 level is specific to benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
Hoon Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Eunjin Kwon, Seong-Hae Jeong
Res Vestib Sci. 2024;23(2):46-52.   Published online June 14, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21790/rvs.2024.008
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
When we see patients with a history of positional vertigo (PV), many patients are diagnosed with benign paroxysmal PV (BPPV) by performing a typical history and nystagmus during a positioning maneuver. Recent studies reported that Otolin-1 can be detected in serum and that its levels significantly increase with age and BPPV. Herein, we tried to study the relationship between serum otolin-1 level and the other clinical aspects in patients with PV.
Methods
We measured the serum levels of otolin-1 in 117 BPPV patients (82 females; age range, 43–92 years; mean age±standard deviation [SD], 68.5±10.5 years), referred to as the BPPV group; and nine patients (seven females; age range, 61–79 years; mean age±SD, 66.9±5.9 years) with PV not compatible with BPPV, referred to as another PV group. All the BPPV patients were treated with an appropriate canal repositioning maneuver followed by blood sampling within 1 week.
Results
The serum levels of otolin-1 were higher in the BPPV group than in another PV group (mean±SD, 350.1±319.1 pg/mL vs. 183.6±134.1 pg/mL, respectively; p=0.037). However, there were no differences in both laboratory findings (serum vitamin D, C-telopeptide of type collagen, and bone mineral density) and clinical findings (age, sex, vertigo duration, ear disease, ear symptom, migraine, motion sickness, trauma, and previous BPPV) between these two groups.
Conclusions
Serum otolin-1 level could help predict the current existence of BPPV in patients with PV. However, further validation studies are needed.
Effect of early high-dose steroid treatment in patients with acute vestibular neuritis: a retrospective case-control study
Jung-Yup Lee, Hyun-Seok Kang, Sang-Hyun Kim, Min-Beom Kim
Res Vestib Sci. 2024;23(2):53-60.   Published online June 14, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21790/rvs.2024.007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study is performed to evaluate the effect of early steroid treatment within 24 hours of onset in acute vestibular neuritis (AVN).
Methods
We performed a retrospective case-control study with 46 patients with AVN. Video head impulse test paradigm (HIMP) and suppression HIMP were performed, and dizziness handicap index (DHI) was determined at initial; all tests were repeated at 1 month. Patients were divided into two groups depending on whether they were treated with steroids (group S, n=21) or not (group n-S, n=25).
Results
There was no significant difference in age, sex, and side between the two groups. In HIMP, group S showed a significantly lower occurrence of overt corrective saccade (CS) (p=0.034) and lower peak velocity of overt CS (p=0.020) than group n-S at 1 month. In addition, the DHI score at 1 month was significantly lower in group S than in group n-S (p=0.040). In correlation analysis between subjective symptom and objective parameters, the DHI score showed a significant correlation with the occurrence of overt CS (p=0.028) and PR score (p=0.006) at 1 month.
Conclusions
Early steroid treatment in AVN would be helpful for relieving symptoms and the improvement of vestibular ocular reflex function in the recovery phase.
Video Report
Aperiodic alternating nystagmus in acute lateral medullary infarction: a video report
Ji-Yun Park
Res Vestib Sci. 2024;23(2):61-62.   Published online June 14, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21790/rvs.2024.010
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PDFSupplementary Material

Res Vestib Sci : Research in Vestibular Science