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Most cited articles are from the articles published during the past two years (2022 ~ ).

Case Report
Visual Fixation-Induced Hemi-Seesaw Nystagmus
Hyun Sung Kim, Eun Hye Oh, Jae-Hwan Choi
Res Vestib Sci. 2023;22(1):19-22.   Published online March 13, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21790/rvs.2023.22.1.19
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  • 39 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Seesaw nystagmus (SSN) is characterized by conjugate torsional nystagmus with opposite vertical components in the two eyes. The waveform may be pendular or jerk (hemi-seesaw nystagmus, HSSN), in which the slow phase corresponds to one half-cycle and the quick phase to the other. Pendular SSN and HSSN have distinct clinical presentations and underlying causes. The pathophysiology of pendular SSN may be instability of visuovestibular interactions, while the underlying mechanism for HSSN may be related to the ocular tilt reaction or an imbalance in vestibular pathways. We report a patient with HSSN due to unilateral mesodiencephalic infarction that becomes apparent during visual fixation only.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Midbrain lesion-induced disconjugate gaze: a unifying circuit mechanism of ocular alignment?
    Maximilian U. Friedrich, Laurin Schappe, Sashank Prasad, Helen Friedrich, Michael D. Fox, Andreas Zwergal, David S. Zee, Klaus Faßbender, Klaus-Ulrich Dillmann
    Journal of Neurology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Article
Auto-Pattern Recognition for Diagnosis in Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Using Principal Component Analysis: A Preliminary Study
O-Hyeon Gwon, Tae Hoon Kong, Jaehong Key, Sejung Yang, Young Joon Seo
Res Vestib Sci. 2022;21(1):6-18.   Published online March 15, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21790/rvs.2022.21.1.6
  • 4,537 View
  • 82 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to develop a filtering algorithm for raw nystagmus images and a diagnostic assistive algorithm using a principal component analysis (PCA) to distinguish the different types of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).
Methods
Fifteen video clips of clinical data with typical nystagmus patterns of BPPV (13 cases) and with normal nystamgmus (two cases) were preprocessed when applied the thresholding, morphology operation, residual noise filtering, and center point extraction stages. We analyzed multiple data clusters in a single frame via a PCA; in addition, we statistically analyzed the horizontal and vertical components of the main vector among the multiple data clusters in the canalolithiasis of the lateral semicircular canal (LSCC) and the posterior semicircular canal (PSCC).
Results
We obtained a clear imaginary pupil and data on the fast phases and slow phases after preprocessing the images. For a normal patient, a round shape of clustered dots was observed. Patients with LSCC showed an elongated horizontal shape, whereas patients with PSCC showed an oval shape at the (x, y) coordinates. The scalar values (mm) of the horizontal component of the main vector when performing a PCA between the LSCC- and PSCC-BPPV were substantially different (102.08±20.11 vs. 32.36±12.52 mm, respectively; p=0.0012). Additionally, the salar ratio of horizontal to vertical components in LSCC and PSCC exhibited a significant difference (16.11±10.74 mm vs. 2.61±1.07 mm, respectively; p=0.0023).
Conclusions
The data of a white simulated imaginary pupil without any background noise can be a separate monitoring option, which can aid clinicians in determining the types of BPPV exhibited. Therefore, this analysis algorithm will provide assistive information for diagnosis of BPPV to clinicians.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Development of An Algorithm for Slippage-Induced Motion Artifacts Reduction in Video-Nystagmography
    Yerin Lee, Young Joon Seo, Sejung Yang
    Research in Vestibular Science.2022; 21(4): 104.     CrossRef

Res Vestib Sci : Research in Vestibular Science