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Research in Vestibular Science > Volume 9(1); 2010 > Article
Research in Vestibular Science 2010;9(1): 1-11.
전정피질의 구조 및 기능의 이해
, , , 김민선1, 이재희1, 이경완2, 박병림1
원광대학교 의과대학 생리학교실1, 원광보건전문대학교 간호학과2
Understanding of Structure and Function of Vestibular Cortex
Min Sun Kim, Jae Hee Lee, Gyoung Wan Lee, Byung Rim Park
1Department of Physiology, Wonkwang University School of Medicine and Vestibulocochlear Research Center, Iksan, Korea. mskim@wku.ac.kr
2Department of Nursing, Wonkwang Health Science College, Iksan, Korea.
ABSTRACT
The vestibular end-organs generate very sophisticated gravity sensory information about head movement by sensing head acceleration in three-dimensional space. Vestibular information is crucial for higher brain functions such as cognition of spatial orientation, spatial memory, and perception of self-motion. The term “vestibular cortex” represents cortical area where vestibular information is processed, converged with other sensory inputs to maintain cortical functions. The vestibular cortex gives rise to commend signals that control the vestibulosomatic reflex through the modulation of vestibular nuclear activity in the brainstem. The vestibular cortex includes such different cortical regions as the premotor region of the frontal cortex, parietal areas, temporal areas, and a central core region called parietoinsular vestibular cortex. This paper summarizes systemically animal and clinical research data concerned with the vestibular cortex in order to understand anatomy and functions of the vestibular cortex and to provide a basic literature for further study.
Keywords: Vestibular system; Vestibular cortex; Thalamic nuclei; Vestibular compensation
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