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Research in Vestibular Science > Volume 14(2); 2015 > Article
Research in Vestibular Science 2015;14(2): 50-54.
만성적인 어지럼환자에서 어지럼과 불안, 우울, D형 인격의 연관성
, , , , 이준혁1, 최윤석1, 송시연1, 김용대1,2, 배창훈1
1영남대학교 의과대학 이비인후-두경부외과학교실, 2영남대학교병원 권역 호흡기 전문질환센터
The Correlation between Dizziness and Anxiety, Depression, and Type D Personality in Patients with Chronic Dizziness
Jun Hyeok Lee, Yoon Seok Choi, Si Youn Song, Yong Dae Kim, Chang Hoon Bae
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. baich@med.yu.ac.kr
2Yeungnam University Medical Center Regional Center for Respiratory Diseases, Daegu, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Background and Objectives:   Dizziness often takes a chronic course and can influence the emotion of life. Dizziness is associated with psychological factors such as anxiety and depression. Type D personality is also related to the negative emotions including anxiety and depression. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the correlation between chronic dizziness and anxiety/depression/ type D personality.
Materials and Methods:   Chronic dizziness was defined when the dizziness had persisted more than three months. We analyzed the data of 72 patients with chronic dizziness between November 2012 and August 2014. The patients with chronic dizziness were asked to complete a survey regarding demographic data, history of dizziness, Beck depression inventory-II (BDI-II), Hamilton anxiety scale (HAM-A), type D personality scale 14 (DS-14), and dizziness handicap inventory (DHI).
Results:   The patients with chronic dizziness had a trend of higher frequency of type D personality (52.7%) compared to general population. In the patients with chronic dizziness, there was significant positive correlation between DHI score and BDI-II, HAM-A, and DS-14 score.
Conclusion:   These results suggest that the patients with chronic dizziness, compared to the general population, have a trend of higher frequency of type D personality. There is significant positive correlation between chronic dizziness and anxiety/depression/ type D personality.
Keywords: Chronic dizziness; Depression; Anxiety; Type D personality
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