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Research in Vestibular Science > Volume 14(2); 2015 > Article
Research in Vestibular Science 2015;14(2): 46-49.
한국인에서의 주관적 어지럼의 유병률과 위험요인
박은규, 조지원, 최효근
한림대학교 의과대학 한림성심병원 이비인후과교실
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Subjective Dizziness in Korean
Eun Kyu Park, Ji Won Cho, Hyo Geun Choi
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea. pupen@naver.com
Background and Objectives:   To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of subjective dizziness complaints in general population.
Materials and Methods:   A cross-sectional study was performed using data from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. We evaluated data from 12,653 subjects who were interviewed between 2010 and 2012.
Results:   The prevalence of subjective dizziness was 21.7%. Female gender (adjusted odds ratio, AOR=1.959; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.680?2.284; p<0.001), lower alcohol consumption (reference ≤1 time a month; 1?4 times a month [AOR]=0.844, 95% CI=0.752? 0.948; ≥2 times a week, AOR=0.812, 95% CI=0.705?0.935, p=0.002), higher stress (AOR=1.784, 95% CI=1.613?1.973, p<0.001), lower income (reference=lowest; middle low, AOR=0.815, 95% CI=0.720?0.923; middle high, AOR=0.696, 95% CI=0.606?0.799; highest, AOR=0.682, 95% CI=0.594?0.784, p<0.001) increased odds ratio of subjective dizziness, while body mass index and smoking was not associated with subjective dizziness.
Conclusion:   This large population-based study provides reliable information about the prevalence and risk factors of subjective dizziness of Korean population.
Keywords: Dizziness; Risk factors; Korean
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