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J Korean Bal Soc > Volume 6(2); 2007 > Article
Journal of the Korean Balance Society 2007;6(2): 186-191.
정상인에서의 진동에 의해 유발되는 안진의 나이에 따른 변화
정용수, 박홍주, 신정은, 안재윤, 박가현, 곽희붕, 이여진, 유진석
건국대학교 의과대학원 이비인후-두경부외과학교실
Changes of Vibration-Induced Nystagmus by Age in Normal Subjects
Yong Soo Jung, Hong Ju Park, Jung Eun Shin, Jae Yoon Ahn, Ga Hyun Park, Hi Boong Kwak, Yeo Jin Lee, Jin Seok Yoo
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hpark@kuh.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
Background and Objectives:   It has been reported that vibration applied either on the mastoid or on the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscles induces nystagmus in normal subjects. The aims of the study were to characterize the direction and velocity of slow-phase eye movement which is induced by vibration in normal subjects and to propose the mechanism of vibration-induced nystagmus (VIN) in normal subjects.
Materials and Method:  
We recorded eye movements during unilateral 100-Hz vibration on the mastoid bone and SCM muscles in 56 normal subjects. The subjects were divided into 4 groups in ages (20s, 30s, 40s, 50~60s). The directions of VIN, the degree of maximal slow-phase eye velocities were analyzed according to age. Positive value means slow-phase velocity (SPV) to the right side.
Results:  
In 20s, vibration on right/left mastoids induced SPV of 1.2±2.0°/sec, 0±2.1°/sec and on right/left SCM muscles, 1.1±1.9°/sec, -1.2±2.5°/sec. In 30s, vibration on right/left mastoids induced SPV of 3.3±3.8°/sec, -0.3± 1.4°/sec and on right/left SCM muscles, 2.8±4.2°/sec, -1.0±1.5°/sec. In 40s, vibration on right/left mastoids induced SPV of 0±1.7°/sec, -0.2±1.2°/sec and on right/left SCM muscles, 0±1.8°/sec, 0±1.0°/sec. In 50~60s, vibration on the right/left mastoids induced SPV of -1.3±1.3°/sec, 1.2±1.3°/sec and on right/left SCM muscles, -0.6±0.9°/sec, 0.9 ±1.5°/sec. The directional preponderance of the slow-phase eye movement to the vibrated side was statistically significant in 20s and 30s, however, the preponderance of the slow-phase eye movement changed into the non-vibrated side in 50~60s.
Conclusion:  
The proprioceptive input, changing major rotator from the inferior oblique muscle to the sternocleidomastoid muscles might explain the change of the directional preponderance of the slow-phase eye movements in normal subjects according to ages. Although this directional preponderance is not consistent in all age groups, it is still important in discriminating normal responses from abnormal responses which can be induced by vibration.
Keywords: Vibration induced nystagmus; Age; Proprioceptive; Vestibule
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