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J Korean Bal Soc > Volume 6(2); 2007 > Article
Journal of the Korean Balance Society 2007;6(2): 132-137.
엑서사이즈볼을 이용한 평형운동이 노인의 평형 기능에 미치는 효과
, , , , , , 이석준, 현재환, 이용수, 이현주, 이현정, 정재윤, 이정구
단국대학교 체육대학1, 한림대학교 일반대학원 청각학전공2, 세종대학교 체육과3, 단국대학교 의과대학 이비인후-두경부외과학교실4
The Effect of Balance Exercise Using Exercise Ball on Balance Function of Elderly
Suk Joon Lee, Jai Hwan Hyun, Yong Soo Lee, Hyun Ju Lee, Hyun Jung Lee, Jae Yun Jung, Chung Ku Rhee
1College of Physical Education, Dankook University, Cheonan, Chungnam-do, Korea.
2Department of Speech and Audiology, Graduate school, Hallym University, Choonchun, Kangwon-do, Korea.
3College of Physical Education, Sejong University, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Chungnam-do, Korea. rheeck@dankook.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
Background and Objectives:   Vestibular rehabilitation is an important therapy to treat dizziness in elderly. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of balance and resistance exercises in improving balance function in elderly.
Method:  
Sixty elderlies between the age of 65 to 80 years old were divided into two groups; the control group and exercise group. The exercise group carried out balance and resistance exercises using an exercise ball for 60 minutes each time, 3 times/week for 16 weeks. The elderlies in both groups went through sensory organization test (SOT) and motor control test (MCT) of Equi test pre-series of exercise and post-series of exercise.
Results:  
Conditions 4 and 6 of SOT in control group and conditions 3, 4, 5, and 6 of exercise group showed significantly higher scores in post-exercise compared to those of pre-exercise status. In condition 4, the score was significantly higher in exercise group compared to that of control group. In sensory analysis, the visual and vestibule analyses ratio of post-exercise were significantly higher compared to those of pre-exercise status. The visual analysis ratio of exercise group was significantly higher compared to that of control group. In MCT, the latency of medium forward of exercise group was significantly decreased compared to that of control group in post-exercise status.
Conclusion:  
The results of this study showed that the balance and resistance exercises using an exercise ball was effective in improving various scores and ratio of SOT and sensory analyses in the elderly. This kind of exercises appears to improve balance function in the elderly. The balance and resistance exercises using exercise ball may be effective exercises to improve balance function of chronic dizziness including presbyastasis.
Keywords: Exercise; Rehabilitation; Elderly; Vestibular function tests
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