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Research in Vestibular Science > Volume 13(3); 2014 > Article
Research in Vestibular Science 2014;13(3): 81-84.
눈대상포진에 동반되어 발생한 급성 전정신경염
오윤창, 이종경, 김재명, 이승한
전남대학교 의과대학 전남대학교병원 신경과학교실
Acute Vestibular Neuritis Associated with Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus
Yoon Chang Oh, Jong Kyung Lee, Jae Myung Kim, Seung Han Lee
Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. nrshlee@jnu.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
Vestibular neuritis, one of common causes of acute spontaneous vertigo, is characterized by a sudden onset of vertigo with horizontal-torsional spontaneous nystagmus and unsteadiness with a falling tendency. Herpes zoster is a common infection caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV), and herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) occurs when this virus is reactivated in the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve. VZV can cause vestibular neuritis with cochlear dysfunction as a form of herpes zoster oticus, also known as Ramsay-Hunt syndrome. However, to our knowledge, isolated vestibular neuritis associated with HZO has been rarely reported, because of distance between the trigeminal nerve and the vestibulocochlear nerve. We present an unusual case of vestibular neuritis complicated by the HZO.
Keywords: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus; Vestibular neuronitis; Vertigo; Dizziness
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