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J Korean Bal Soc > Volume 4(2); 2005 > Article
Journal of the Korean Balance Society 2005;4(2): 238-242.
온도안진검사 Jongkees 공식의 재검토: 반고리관마비와 음수 값 느린 성분 속도의 수학적 의의
이화여자대학교 의과대학 이비인후과학교실
Jongkees’ Formula Reevaluated: Mathematical Significance of CP and Negative SCV Value
Sung Wan Byun
Department of Otolaryngology, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. byunsw@ewha.ac.kr
Background and Objectives:   In caloric test, the CP (canal paresis) value was derived from Jongkees formula. The input parameters of the formula were initially nystagmus duration (seconds), which were replaced later with more stable parameters : slow component velocity (SCV, deg/sec). The nystagmus duration cannot be negative value, but SCV can be, especially in acute vestibular loss with excessive spontaneous nystagmus (SN) which is not overcome by caloric nystagmus. This study aims to investigate the occurrence of negative SCV, to check proper processing of negative SCV values in nystagmography software, and to consider the athematical significance of CP and negative SCV values.
Materials and Method:   Tests with negative SCV values were examined in 690 alternate binaural bithermal caloric tests (open loop system).
Results:   Nine percents (62 of 690 tests) showed negative SCV values. The reported CP was erroneously calculated from debased zero SCV values instead of negative SCV values. The underestimated CP (mean 52.1%, SD 21.8%) can be corrected (mean 80.9%, SD 21.8%) by recalculations with negative SCV values.
Conclusion:   To produce correct CP values in caloric tests, negative values should be properly processed about the SCV value of caloric nystagmus with opposite direction of physiologic response. The mathematical significance of CP was horizontal coordinate of intersection point of the warm line (LW-RW) and cold line (LC-RC) in butterfly patterncalorigram. Detailed description is presented in figures.
Keywords: Caloric Tests; Caloric Nystagmus
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