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J Korean Bal Soc > Volume 3(1); 2004 > Article
Journal of the Korean Balance Society 2004;3(1): 156-160.
정상인에서 Galvanic 자극에 의한 신체동요와 안진의 분석
, , , , , 이명택1, 최호석1, 김 진1, 장승연1, 이승철2, 김규성1
인하대학교 의과대학 이비인후-두경부외과학 교실1, 소리 이비인후과2
Analysis of Body Sway and Nystagmus with Galvanic Stimulation in Normal Subjects
Myung Taek Lee, Ho Seok Choi, Jin Kim, Seung Yeon Jang, Seung Chul Lee, Kyu Sung Kim
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea. stedman@inha.ac.kr
2Soree Ear Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Background and Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the possibility of clinical application of ‘vestibular function test by electrical stimulation’ measuring nystagmus and body sway which are generated by electrical stimulation. Materials and Methods : Twelve normal subjects for measurement of nystagmus and eight for body sway volunteered to participate as subjects of the experiment. We used continuous direct current from 1mA to 3mA, and its polarity could be switched through the surface electrode on the bilateral mastoid process. Videooculogram was used to measure the nystagmus. Lateral body sway was recorded by using Computerized Dynamic Posturography. Results : When stimulating the positive electrode over the right mastoid, left nystagmus and body sway toward right are observed. When stimulating the negative electrode over the right mastoid, right nystagmus and body sway toward left are observed. The nystagmus occurred 42% at 1mA, 75% at 1.5mA, 92% at 2mA, and 100% at more than 2.5mA. The slow phase velocity of the nystagmus were increased from an average of 1.9 deg/sec at 1mA to an average of 3.6 deg/sec at 3mA. However, they were variable from minimum of 0.1 deg/sec to maximum of 4.8 deg/sec even stimulated with fixed amount of current. Also, the asymmetry of the nystagmus on the each direction was observed over 27% at the stimulation of 2.5mA and 3mA. The body sway was observed on the 7 subjects except one. Among them, body sway occurred on stimulation of 1mA in 5 subjects. Conclusions : Evaluation of nystagmus with galvanic stimulation revealed high right-left asymmetry in normal subjects and needed more electrical stimulation. Evaluation of body sway with galvanic stimulation is more feasible as a vestibular function test, because it has higher manifestation rate, less asymmetry, and it need less electrical amplitude which cause less discomfort to the subjects. Key Words : Eye movements, Posture
Keywords: Eye movements; Posture
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