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Research in Vestibular Science > Volume 12(4); 2013 > Article
Research in Vestibular Science 2013;12(4): 111-120.
양성돌발성두위현훈의 치료
송찬일, 박홍주
울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 이비인후과
Management of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Chan Il Song, Hong Ju Park
Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dzness@amc.seoul.kr
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is characterized by brief recurrent episodes of vertigo triggered by head positional changes. BPPV is one of the most common causes of recurrent vertigo. BPPV results from abnormal stimulation of the cupula within any of the three semicircular canals by free-floating otoliths (canalithiasis) or otoliths adhered to the cupula (cupulolithiasis). Spontaneous recovery occurs frequently even with conservative treatment. However, canalith repositioning maneuvers are believed to be the best way to treat BPPV by moving the canaliths from the semicircular canal to the vestibule. Various treatment methods of posterior, superior, and lateral canal BPPV are discussed in this review.
Keywords: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo; Management; Canalith repositioning maneuver
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