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Research in Vestibular Science > Accepted Articles
Vestibular rehabilitation after traumatic head injury with dizziness
Sung Kyun Kim, Seok Min Hong
Hallym University, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwaseong, Korea
Correspondence  Seok Min Hong ,Tel: 031-8086-2852, Fax: 031-8086-2681, Email: thecell20@gmail.com
Received: May 7, 2019;  Accepted: June 1, 2019.  Published online: June 1, 2019.
ABSTRACT
The vestibular symptoms such as dizziness and imbalance that occurred after traumatic head/brain injury were caused by a combination of central factors such as abnormalities of white matter, diffuse axonal injury and micro-hemorrhage, and peripheral factors like decreased vestibulo-ocular reflex caused by the energy transmitted to the semicircular canal and otolith organs. These symptoms can affect on the patient's overall physical, cognitive, emotional, and quality of life. There have been reports that vestibular rehabilitation for the treatment of dizziness and imbalance after head trauma can promote vestibular compensation, stabilize of the gaze movements, and also affect the treatment outcomes of the associated injuries. The frequency, duration, and number of people participating in vestibular rehabilitation varied with each study, and physical therapy, occupational therapy, cognitive counseling, medication treatment, duration of treatment for associated injuries were also variable. Most studies have shown that many patients who get the vestibular rehabilitation have a significantly reduced time to return to work and sports activities, and may be able to speed up the recovery of vestibular symptoms. However, further research is needed on its long-term effects. In addition, patients with traumatic head/brain injuries are more susceptible to injuries of other organs as well as vestibular disorders, therefore consideration of treatment planning for associated injuries including precise evaluation mental support, and cognitive therapy is expected to be more effective with vestibular rehabilitation therapy.
Keywords: vestibule; dizziness; rehabilitation; injury; head; 전정
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