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J Korean Bal Soc > Volume 6(2); 2007 > Article
Journal of the Korean Balance Society 2007;6(2): 192-195.
어지럼증을 유발하는 전정 질환에서의 진동유발안진검사
이여진, 박홍주, 신정은, 안재윤, 박가현, 정용수, 곽희붕, 유진석
건국대학교 의학전문대학원 이비인후-두경부외과학교실
Vibration-Induced Nystagmus in Patients with Vestibular Disorders
Yeo Jin Lee, Hong Ju Park, Jung Eun Shin, Jae Yoon Ahn, Ga Hyun Park, Yong Soo Jung, Hi Boong Kwak, Jin Seok Yoo
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hpark@kuh.ac.kr
Background and Objectives:   It has been reported that vibration applied either on the mastoid or the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscles induces nystagmus in patients after unilateral vestibular neuritis. The aims of the study were to characterize the vibration-induced nystagmus (VIN) in patients with various vestibular disorders and to compare the results of VIN to unilateral weakness in caloric test.
Materials and Methods:  
Fifthy-four patients with Meniere’s disease, 58 patients with unilateral vestibular neuritis, 170 patients with migraine-associated dizziness, and 78 patients with chronic recurrent vestibulopathy were included. We recorded eye movements during unilateral 100-Hz vibration on the mastoids and SCM muscles. The bithermal caloric test was also performed. Abnormal criteria of VIN were slow-phase slow-phase velocity (SPV) at 4 all different conditions ≥ 2°/s with the same directions or mean of SPV at vibration on both mastoids or both SCM muscles ≥ 5°/s with the same directions.
In Meniere’s disease, 28 of 57 (49.1%) of patients show pathologic VIN, 21 of 57 (36.8%) show pathologic canal paresis. 14 of 57 (24.6%) show abnormalities in both tests, and 35 of 57 (61.4%) show any abnormalities in either test. In unilateral vestibular neuritis, 43 of 58 (77.6%) showed pathologic VIN, 58 of 58 (100%) show canal paresis. In migraine-associated dizziness, 48 of 170 (28.2%) showed pathologic VIN, 58 of 170 (18.8%) show canal paresis. 15 of 170 (8.8%) showed abnormalities in both tests, and 65 of 170 (38.2%) show any abnormalities in either test. In chronic recurrent vestibulopathy, 23 of 78 (29.5%) of patients show pathologic VIN and 17 of 78 (21.8%) show pathologic canal paresis. Seven of 78 (9.0%) showed abnormalities in both tests, and 33 of 78 (42.3%) show any abnormalities in either test.
VIN test can increase the sensitivity in detecting vestibular imbalance in vestibular disorders when combined with caloric test.
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